Science news is frequently driven by publications in the major peer-reviewed scientific journals. So for journalists covering science, health and related fields, getting access to research ahead of time is crucial.
Staying in close contact with key scientists and press officers and asking regularly about forthcoming research is a great way to find out what is coming up. However, we appreciate that this approach can be time-consuming and sometimes uneven. Here, the SMC can help.
Scimex: To help busy journalists navigate the sources below, the Science Media Centre created Scimex, a website which provides journalists with access to the latest embargoed and breaking research from NZ and overseas. We curate the best research from sources around the world, including those below.
Register for access at scimex.org.
Many research journals provide free, early access to scientific papers to journalists under embargo. You’ll generally be asked by journal publishers to prove your credentials, often with a letter of introduction from your editor. Here are some of the main points of contact:
EurekAlert!: An indispensable resource for thousands of journalists worldwide, the EurekAlert! portal provides embargoed access to major journals including Science, PLOS ONE, PNAS and Cell Press, as well as press releases from scientific conferences and institutions.
Nature: A prestigious multidisciplinary scientific journal published weekly. Nature has an extensive press portal allowing access to the journal papers, press releases and multimedia resources as well as to related publications such as Nature Geoscience and Nature Genetics.
Royal Society of London: The 350-year-old Royal Society publishes numerous journals such as Proceedings B, its respected biological research journal. Registered journalists can gain embargoed access to journal papers and associated resources.
ScienceDirect: Publishing company Elsevier provides registered journalists free online access to over 2,000 of their journals on the ScienceDirect platform.
Medical research: Several journals publish weekly on medical science, including The Lancet, The BMJ and JAMA. Cochrane Reviews publishes systematic reviews of medical treatments and drugs. A major source for local medical research is the New Zealand Medical Journal.
Local research: The Royal Society Te Apārangi has a stable of journals covering everything from agriculture and botany to geology and zoology. These can be accessed via publisher Taylor & Francis’ Press Pass feature, which offers registered journalists free online access to all their journals.
Government-commissioned research reports are regularly posted to the Ministry of Health, Ministry for the Environment, Ministry for Primary Industries and other government sites, usually without prior notification.
You can contact the Science Media Centre any time for help tracking down specific research papers.
Scientific journals are ranked according to various measures of their impact.
- Prestigious, multidisciplinary journals (Nature, Science, etc.)
- Field-specific journals (e.g. physics, agriculture) with varying degrees of selectivity
- Wide assortment of less well-known journals that may be narrow in scope or unselective
Publication in top journals is incredibly competitive, while more obscure journals may struggle to get enough submissions to fill their pages. Some journals require researchers to pay for publication, while others rely on subscription fees.
How do scientists and researchers generate new knowledge?
Most scientists collect data through observation and experiments to test a hypothesis — a potential explanation. The testing needs to be designed in a way so that the results are objective, to reduce the likelihood of a biased interpretation of the results. See here for more information on different types of scientific evidence.
After analysing their results, scientists will determine whether the new evidence supports their hypothesis and write up preliminary findings. The answer, which may eventually be reported in the form of a scientific paper in a peer-reviewed journal, will add to a growing body of evidence but will rarely be
conclusive on its own.
However, not all science follows the strict scientific method of testing hypotheses. Research in fields such as the social sciences, mathematics and economics may draw on theories and ideas that, while important, cannot be so easily tested using experiments and observation. There is also a growing recognition of other ‘ways of knowing’ such as traditional cultural knowledge and wisdom. In New Zealand, Mātauranga Māori — traditional Māori knowledge — plays a key role in the science system.