The New England Journal of Medicine paper on the results of trials of implementing guidelines for surgery is now available on the NEJM website.
“The rate of any complication at all sites dropped from 11.0% at baseline to 7.0% after introduction of the checklist (P<0.001); the total in-hospital rate of death dropped from 1.5% to 0.8% (P = 0.003) (Table 5). The overall rates of
surgical-site infection and unplanned reoperation also declined significantly.”
New York Times: Simple checklist makes surgery safer
Science News: Using checklist reduces surgery complications
Press Association: Surgical checklists cut deaths